The term 'Shin Splints' refers to any pain felt along the shinbone, from the knee to ankle. This is a common injury for people who play sports that are high-impact and / or involve a lot of running. Find out more about the causes and symptoms of shin splints, as well as treatment. Plus, find a range of supports and braces and products to assist with alleviating leg pain caused by shin splints.
Anatomy of the Lower Leg
The lower leg contains 2 main bones, the Tibia and Fibula. The Tibia is the second largest bone in the leg and connects to the femur to create the knee. The fibula is connected to the tibia below the knee joint. It is also surrounded by 2 muscles, the Tibialis Anterior (front) and the Tibialis Posterior (back). The Tibialis Anterior is responsible for pulling the top of the foot towards the shin whilst the Tibialis Posterior helps to stablise the foot when walking.
Shin Splint Causes
'Shin splints' is an umbrella term used to describe pain in the shin. It may be caused by:
Common Causes of Shin Splints
- Stress reaction or fracture in the tibia bone itself. This may be due to increased training on hard surfaces
- Anterior compartment syndrome or increased pressure within the fascial sheath of the anterior lower leg
- Inflammation of the tendon attachments to the tibia bone
- Overuse can irritate and strain muscles, tendons, joints and bones. This is often a result of over exercising or going beyond your current fitness level
- Flat feet can pull the shin tendons and cause slight tearing
- Incorrect running technique or inappropriate running shoes can strain the muscles and tendons
- Instability or weakness in the muscles of the ankles, hips and core
- Insufficient warm up before starting a work out
Shin Splint Symptoms
- There is vertical tenderness over either side of the shinbone or muscles, which can be intense. It can be local but also spreads widely down the length of the leg. The tenderness is usually pronounced over the lower half of the tibia (shinbone)
- A certain degree of swelling can be felt and seen
- The pain ceases at rest but returns on renewed activity
- Pain is triggered when the toes or ankle joint are bent downwards toward the sole
- Skin can look red and inflamed
- General aches and pains along the shinbone
Treatment for Shin Splints
Please consult with your medical professional for a complete diagnosis of your leg pain and tailored leg pain treatment plan.
Your doctor may recommend to rest the legs, ice the area for at least 20 minutes at regular intervals for the first few days, take anti-inflammatory medication or do low impact exercise such as swimming to assist with recovery.
Recommended Thermoskin Product:
Under the direction of your medical professional and in conjunction with your advised treatment plan, the following Thermoskin product is recommended:
- Thermoskin Calf / Shin - provides protection, heat and compression for lower limb injuries, including calf strains, shin splints and achilles tendonitis
- Ares Kinesio Tape - advanced strapping technology aids in the prevention and rehabilitation of shin splints
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